I really cannot tell you all how encouraged and honored I am by the amount of interest in my recent photography series. You can catch all the previous installments below:
While all I shared in my previous posts has improved my photography immensely, I think that far and away the greatest impact on my photography development has been learning to edit images well. I use a combination of Adobe Lightroom and Photoshop*, and while they are not free, there is a wonderful Cloud option from Adobe* these days that provides you with both for around $10/month. Totally worth it in my opinion. Today, I will be talking about my editing process in Lightroom.
Let me begin by saying what this tutorial is not. This tutorial is not an introduction to Lightroom or even how to edit photos in Lightroom. If you’ve never used Lightroom before, you may be intimidated by the way you have to import and organize your photos… Start by searching some tutorials for that and then come back here. This tutorial is also NOT a comprehensive list of all the wonderful things you can do to photographs to improve them in Lightroom (that could take weeks!). What today’s tutorial IS, however, is how I edit almost all of my interior photographs in Lightroom, including my favorite tricks and tips.
I will be sharing the step, a screenshot of my Lightroom screen, and an explanation. I hope it all makes sense! Before I begin, let me tell you that I’m using an old photograph (about 2 years old), so you can see the full effect of the editing options. I’m pleased to say that my photography has improved significantly, and I no long need to edit each image quite this much, but I wanted you to see the full range of possibilities. Here is the SOOC (straight-out-of-camera) shot – complete with crazy distortion because the room is so tight – compared to the final, edited image.
And now I will walk you through the editing… So without further ado, how to edit interior photographs in Lightroom:
1. Set your White Balance
Lightroom has this nifty dropper tool that you can use. This particular image didn’t need any white balance adjustment, but I always start with this step. Grab the dropper from the slider section on the right (by clicking on it) and click again on a gray area in your image. Now, as we all know, computers may be brilliant, but they don’t think for themselves. So be sure to use your own eyes and adjust the blue/red and green/purple sliders manually if necessary.
2. Adjust your Shadows and Highlights
(from now on, my screenshots are simply zoomed in so you can see the slider numbers better)
Again, in your slider section, find your happy place with these. I almost always lighten my shadows and drop my highlights. If it starts to look too washed out, though, I will darken my “blacks” to compensate, as you can see I did in this image.
3. Adjust your Exposure
Once I’ve got my light/dark balance where I want it, I play with my overall exposure. As I mentioned in my Lighting tips, I always over-expose. And then I almost always lighten the exposure in Lightroom, as well. Light. Bright. Better.
4. Adjust your Clarity/Vibrance/Saturation
After leveling out your lights/darks and lightening your entire photo, it can look a little flat and washed out. Here is where Clarity comes in. I almost always raise this 15 or higher (just using my slider until it looks right). Vibrance and Saturation can have similar effects – adding punch, if you will.
5. Adjust your Sharpening
I love this little zoom box (see the sidebar). It shows you up close what your image looks like. When you increase your sharpening, you’ll notice the picture becomes grainy. Grain is the enemy. Kill it.
6. Adjust your Luminance
This is your secret weapon, friends. When you increase your luminance, you give your image a slight glow and blur, which removes the grain. Score. You do, however, have to be careful not to use too much because it will actually make the image look like a cheap dream scene from a B movie. No joke. The sweet spot for luminance is the minimal amount you can use to remove any grain, especially from the dark corners of your image. The image we’ve been following had so much natural light that luminance wasn’t as important, but take a look at this much darker image of the light fixture and the difference that luminance makes.
7. Use your Lens Corrections
This entire editing section in Lightroom has changed my picture taking. Remember in my post on Staging and Composition when I said you should be “square” on your subject? Here is the compensation for human error. You can always start by using their automatic corrections. Just make sure you are on the “Basic” tab, check all three boxes, and click Auto. Sometimes, this is perfect. At other times, though, (like with white balance), the computer can only do so much. That’s when the “Manual” tab is helpful. Start by checking the box “Constrain Crop.” Don’t be afraid to play with all of the sliders. Distortion is the most important one if your image is bending (like the image we are examining – notice how the mirror looked curved?). The rest are helpful, too, though, and it will work wonders towards getting your images square.
8. Adjust your Lens Vignetting
This is only relevant sometimes. When using a zoom lens, the corners of your images can appear darker, and this adjustment will compensate for that. Just move it along until it looks right.
And that’s it! That’s all I do in Lightroom. It may sound like a lot, but once you get the hang of it, you just fly down that column on the right adjusting your sliders until the image is done. It’s pretty painless.
One more tip:
If your images were taken in similar conditions (like lots of pictures of the same room), you can essentially copy those edits you just made to all the images in the group. Make sure you are viewing the one you already edited, and hold down “shift” while you highlight the other images in the preview bar at the bottom. Once you have highlighted all you want, click the “Sync” button at the bottom of your slider menu on the right. A giant window will pop up asking you to choose which edits you want to copy. Click the appropriate boxes (I usually copy the first two columns – up to Noise Reduction >> Color – and leave the rest unchecked), then hit Synchronize. Bam. I go through the rest of the images and tweak settings, but the hard work is done.
Don’t forget to export your images (remember, this is not a full Lightroom tutorial… too much info for one post!). Next stop: Photoshop for a tiny little boost and a watermark.
Until then, which of the tips above is your favorite new tip for Lightroom*? And for you Lightroom users out there, do you have any favorite tips you’d like to share that I missed? Put them in the comments below, and I’ll even give you a shout out later if it’s one I haven’t heard of!
(Update: find the next tutorial in the series here!)
*denotes affiliate link
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